First and Foremost
BY: HALEE MILLER
Before we unearth all of the special diets out there with our quizzes, stories and features in this issue of Cardinal Eats, a terminology may make for an easier read. Some of these may be familiar, and others could be brand new. Refer back to this page as needed when reading!
Vegetarianism: the practice of not consuming meat, which might also include using products that are by-products of animals.
Veganism: similar to vegetarianism. Veganism is the practice of not only not consuming meat, but also not consuming any animal products like dairy, eggs and honey.
Gluten-free: a diet that excludes consuming foods that contain gluten. Examples of grains that contain gluten include wheat, barley, rye and oats.
Pescatarian: one that does not consume meat but will eat fish.
Ketogenic diet (keto): a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that is typically used to treat epilepsy in children.
Paleolithic diet (paleo): also known as the caveman diet, this diet is done by consuming foods that are believed to be eaten by humans in the Paleolithic era. Examples of foods eaten in this diet include lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds.
Dairy-free: a diet in which no lactose is consumed. This includes dairy products like milk, cheese and ice cream.
Low FODMAP diet: a diet used to treat those with digestive issues like irritable bowel syndrome and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. The diet excludes foods with fermentable carbohydrates.
Low-carb diet: a diet that restricts carbohydrates and instead includes foods higher in fat and protein.
Whole foods diet: a diet that restricts processed or refined foods and sugars.
Allergen-Free: a diet that uses products that do not contain the top eight allergens designated by the FDA. The top eight allergens are dairy, wheat, eggs, soy, shellfish, fish, tree nuts (including coconut) and peanuts.